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!ID: I08821 William COMYN , 5th Earl of Buchan V. William, married twice. The name of his first wife has not been ascertained.(4-505) His second wife was Marjory, Countess of Buchan, and by marriage with her he became Earl of Buchan. (See that title.) He died in 1233.(5-505) By his first wife he had issue:—
1. Richard, of whom hereafter.
2. Walter, who married, about 1230, Isabella, Countess of Menteith, and became Earl of Menteith. (See that title.)
3. Jean, married to William, Earl of Ross, who died in 1274.(6-505) The children of William Comyn by his second wife will
be found under the title Buchan.
(4-505) She may have been a daughter of Robert Fitzhugh, who in 1201-2 is said to have married a William Cumin, who paid fines for the marriage (_Cal. of Docs._, i. 318).
(5-505) _Chron. de Mailros_, 144.
(6-505) _Scottish Antiquary_, iv. 2. [Ref: SP I:505 sub COMYN, LORD OF BADENOCH]

!ID: I08821 William COMYN , 5th Earl of Buchan William Comyn, Earl of Buchan, had inherited his father's estates in Scotland, and the manor of Thornton, in Tyndale, in Northumberland.(8-252) In 1200 he was sent by William the Lion to John, King of England, on a friendly mission after his accession to the throne.(9-252) Between 1211 and 1214, along with his wife, the Countess, he granted to the church of St. Thomas the Martyr at Arbroath the revenue of the Church of Buthelny (Oldmeldrum),(10-252) and in 1219 he founded the Cistercian Abbey of Deer, in Buchan, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, on or near the site of the old Columban monastery.(11-252) He was Justiciar of Scotland,(12-252) and in this capacity he put down a rebellion in Moray, headed by Guthred, in 1211, and again in 1229 he crushed another rebellion in the same district. He was also Sheriff of Forfarshire.(1-253) In 1221, along with other nobles, he was a witness to the marriage-contract between Alexander II. and the Princess Joan, sister of Henry III. of England.(2-253)
The Earl died in 1233,(3-253) and according to tradition he was buried before the high altar of the church of the Abbey of Deer, which he had founded.(4-253) Countess Marjory survived her husband; in 1236 she participated in the settlement of a dispute with the Abbot of Arbroath regarding lands in Tarves,(5-253) and her son, Alexander Comyn, is styled heir of Buchan in 1242,(6-253) but she died soon after, as he was Earl before August 1244.
William Comyn was twice married.
His first marriage is referred to under Badenoch.
By his marriage with the Countess of Buchan he had issue:—
1. Alexander, who succeeded his mother in the earldom.
2. Sir William(7-253)
3. Fergus, mentioned in the foundation charter of the Hospital of Turriff,(8-253) and also in various other writs along with his brother Alexander, until 1270 or later.
4. Idonea, married (before her father's death) to Sir Gilbert Hay, who received with her the lands of Auchtercoul in Mar.(9-253) She was evidently named after Idonea, her father's sister (omitted under Badenoch), to whom Earl William, soon after he became Earl, gave a grant of the lands of Blyth, Ingraston, and the Haugh (Spittalhaugh) in Linton Parish, Peebles. The elder Idonea married Sir Adam Fitz Gilbert, and had issue a daughter, Christian.(10-253)
5. Elizabeth, married to William, Earl of Mar. She died in 1267.(1-254)
6. Agnes, who is said to have been married to Philip Meldrum of that Ilk. She and her husband had a dispute with the monks of Arbroath in 1263.(2-254)
(8-252) _Cal. of Docs._, i. No. 809.
(9-252) Rymer's _Fœdera_, i. 81; Hemingburgh, i. 234.
(10-252) _Collections_, 560.
(11-252) _Liber Pluscardensis_, i. 46.
(12-252) _Cal. of Docs_., i. No. 809; _Ibid._, i. No. 1113; _Reg. Vet. de Aberbrothoc_, 46.
(1-253) _Reg. Vet. de Aberbroth._, 5.
(-253) _Cal. of Docs._, i. No. 808.
(3-253) _Antiquities_, ii. 409 n.; _Liber Pluscardensis_, i. 73, says 1232.
(4-253) _Antiquities_, ii. 410. This tradition was confirmed by the finding, last century, of a tomb before the site of the high altar, in which there was part of a belt. Information received on the spot by writer from the gardener at Pitfour.
(5-153) _Collections_, 337.
(6-253) Fordun à Goodall, ii. 73. In a charter of 1240 (_Liber de Calchou_, 151) and also in a writ of 1242 (_Antiquities_, ii. 109) he is named Alexander Comyn only.
(7-253) _Collections_, 372; _Antiquities_, iii. 112.
(8-253) _Collections_, 470.
(9-253) Copy of original charter in Gen. Reg. Ho.
(10-253) See _Registrum Honoris de Morton_, ii. 4; _Origines Parochiaes_, i. 189.
(1-254) Fordun à Goodall, ii. 109.
(2-254) _Collections_,etc. 561. [Ref: SP II:252-4, sub SCOTT, DUKE OF BUCHAN]

!This Earl of Mar (William, 5th Earl) married, first, a daughter of William Comyn, Earl of Buchan. Her name is said to be Elizabeth, and she died in 1267. He married, secondly, Muriel, daughter of Malise, Earl of Strathearn, granddaughter and coheiress of Robert de Muscamp, who survived him, and died, between 16 May and 12 November 1291, without issue, as her sister Mary, wife of Nicholas Graham, was her heir. By his first wife the Earl had DONALD, who became Earl of Mar. !James Balfour Paul, Scots Peerage, 1904 - 1914, Vol. 5, p. 574-577. Online at Google Books: https://ia600702.us.archive.org/8/items/scotspeeragefoun05pauluoft/scotspeeragefoun05pauluoft.pdf 
COMYN, WILLIAM , 5th Earl of Buchan (I40247)
!He (Hugh Montgomerie) married, 2ndly (contract 17-24 December 1635, tocher 25,000 merks Scots), Mary, sister of John, DUKE OF ROTHES [SCT], and 1st daughter of John (LESLIE), EARL OF ROTHES [SCT], by Anne, daughter of John (ERSKINE), EARL OF MAR [SCT]. He died late in February 1668/9, at Eglintoun, in his 56th year. [CP 5:21-2]

!EARLDOM OF MAR [SCT] XIX & II18 & 2. JOIIN (ERSKINE), EARL OF MAR, &c. [SCT], only son and heir, born 1562, being 16 in April 1578; styled LORD ERSKINE from 1565; was served heir, 3 March 1572/3, "de toto et integro Comitatu de Mar." He was educated, together with James VI (of whom his mother and his uncle, Sir Alexander Erskine, of Gogar, had the charge), at Stirling Castle, and, with one brief interruption, was his lifelong friend and confidant. P.C. [SCT], 1577. On 26 April 1578 he possessed himself of Stirling Castle and of the King's person. In Aug. 1582 he took part in the raid of Ruthven, for which the raiders were exonerated by the P.C. [SCT] on 19 October, but this order was cancelled in December 1583, the cancellation being confirmed by the Parliament [SCT] which met 19 May 1584. Meanwhile Mar had been banished from the three Kingdoms, 31 January 1583/4, but was back in Scotland in March, and with other banished lords took Stirling Castle, 17 April, but about a week later they dispersed, Mar fleeing to England. On 22 August 1584 he and his wife Agnes were forfeited by the Parliament [SCT], but he presented himself before the King at Stirling, 4 November 1585, and was received into favour. He was restored 10 December 1585 to his honours and estates, as also to the command of Stirling Castle. On 29 July 1587, in response to his petition, an Act of Parliament was passed ratifying the restoration in 1565 of the Earldom of Mar to his father. In 1593 he was a commissioner for the trial of the Catholic peers. In February 1593/4 he and his mother were appointed Keepers and Governors of Prince Henry [SCT] in Stirling Castle, where he was born. While guardian of the Prince-till 16O3-he received several grants of Abbey lands, &c. Ambassador to England, 1601. In 16O2 he was on a Council of War to advise especially with regard to helping Elizabeth against the Irish rebels. He followed King James to England in 1603, and, being in high favour, received further grants of English lands. P.C. 4 May 1603; nominated K.G. 25 June 1603, installed 9 July. He was Captain of Edinburgh Castle 1605, and of Stirling Castle 1607. A Commissioner for the lsles in 1609. He was created, 10 June 1610, LORD CARDROSS [SCT], with power of nomination of that dignity, which power he exercised in favour of his 3rd son, Henry Erskine. See CARDROSS. On 20 May 1613 he had a grant in fee of the offices of Constable and Judiciar of Brechin. In 1616 he was one of the councillors specially summoned to discuss the conditions of Prince Henry's marriage. High Treasurer (SCT] 9 December 1616 to March 1630, when he resigned. He entertained the King in Scotland in 1617 with great magnificence. He was P.C. to Prince Charles in Scotland, August 1619; and bore the Sceptre at the opening of Parliament [SCT] in Edinburgh, 17 June 1617, and in July 1621. On 5 March 1622 he had licence, being continually employed in the King's service in Scotland, to absent himself from the usual attendance at the feasts of the Order of the Garter to be held 22-24 April. He attended the funeral of James I. He devoted himself for nearly 50 years, but more especially during the last 15 years thereof (1620-34), to the recovery (under the service to his father of 5 May 1565) of such of the family estates as had been alienated by the crown (1435-1565), for which recovery the reduction by the Court of Session of the several charters so granting them was necessary, the Earl's right of regress being protected by the Act of 29 July 1587. His efforts were successful, the vast estate of Kildrummy, which had been alienated to the family of Elphinstone, being among the lands so recovered. In the course of these proceedings "the Court of Session affirmed in the most solemn manner the validity of the charter of 9 December 1404, and of the retours of 438." The "ranking" of the Earldom of Mar was settled, during his lifetime, at the Decreet of Ranking in 1606. He married, 1stly, at Kincardine (contract 27 July), between 29 October and 1 November 1580, Anne or Agnes, 3rd da. of David (DRUMMOND), 2nd LORD DRUMMOND [SCT], being 2nd daughter by his 2nd wife, Lilian, daughter of William (RUTHVEN), 2nd LORD RUT11VEN [SCT]. She d. 23 December 1587, and was buried 9 January 1587/8, at Alloa. He married, 2ndly, 7 December 1592, Mary, 2nd daughter of Esmé (STUART), 1st DUKE OF LENNOX [SCT], by Katherine, daughter of Guillaume DE BALSAC, SEIGNEUR D'ENTRAGUES. He died at Stifling, 14 December 1634, aged about 72, and was buried 7 April 1635, at Stirling. He was succeeded in.the Barony of Cardross [SCT] according to his nomination (see that dignity). His widow died 11 May 1644. Complete Peerage, 8:420-4.

!Lord Haddington (Thomas Hamilton) married, first (contract 27 February 1622), Catherine, fourth daughter of John, Earl of Mar, the Lord Treasurer, with a tocher of 20,000 merks. The union of two such powerful families was not looked upon with much favour by King James VI., who is said to have exclaimed on hearing of it, ‘The Lord haud a grip o' me ! If Tarn o' the Cowgate's son marry Jock o' Sclate's dochter, what 's to come o' me !’ Lady Haddington died at Edinburgh 5 February 1635, and was buried at Tynninghame 4 March following. The Earl married, secondly, 14 January 1640, Jean, third daughter of George, second Marquess of Huntly, who survived her husband fifteen years, dying in the summer of 1655. By his first wife he had issue. James Balfour Paul, Scots Peerage, 1904 - 1914, Vol. 4, p. 315-316. Online at Google Books.

!He (William Keith) married (contract 12 October 1609) Mary, daughter of John (ERSKINE), EARL OF MAR [SCT], by his 2nd wife, Mary, daughter of Esmé (STUART), 1st DUKE OF LENNOX [SCT]. He died at Dunottar Castle, 28 October, and was buried 26 December 1635, at St. Bride's, aged about 50. His widow married, 15 July 1639, at the House of Keith Marischal, as his 3rd wife, Patrick (MAULE), 1st EARL OF PANMURE [SCT], who died 22 December 1661. She was living in March 1664/5. Complete Peerage, 8:481.

![JOHN GRAHAM, styled LORD KINPONT, or LORD GRAHAM OF KINPONT, son and heir apparent, born about 1613. He married (contract 11 April 1632) Mary, 1st daughter of William (KEITH), 5th EARL MARISCHAL [SCT], by Mary, daughter of John (ERSKINE), EARL OF MAR [SCT]. He (with 400 Royalists) joined Montrose, at whose victory at Tippermuir, 1 September 1644, he was present, and in whose camp at Collace, co. Perth, he was murdered, 6 September. He died v.p., and was buried at Inchmahome. His murder drove his widow into a distracted state from which she appears never to have recovered. She was living April 1663.] Complete Peerage, 8:675-6. 
ERSKINE, JOHN , 18th Earl of Mar, 7th Lord Erskine (I102492)
5  DI ISTRIA, MISS (I264800)
8 !

!JONES, Allen [brother of Wylie], patriot, born in Halifax county, North Carolina, in 1739; died in Northampton county, North Carolina, 10 November, 1798. His father, Robin, was the agent and attorney of Lord Granville, who was one of the lord proprietors of North Carolina. Allen was educated at Eton, England, and, returning to North Carolina, became known as a patriot and an efficient military leader. He was a delegate to the state conventions that met at New Berne, 25 August, 1775, and at Halifax, 4 April, 1776, was appointed brigadier-general by the legislature in May of the latter year, was a member of the Continental congress that met in Philadelphia in 1779-'80, and from 1784 till 1787 represented Northampton county in the North Carolina senate. The next year he was a member of the Constitutional Convention that assembled at Hillsborough, and advocated a strong Federal government in opposition to his brother Willie, who was of the State-Rights Party. His brother, Willie [aka Wylie], patriot, was born in Halifax, North Carolina, in 1731; died near Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1801. Was also educated at Eton, became early attached to the patriot cause, was president of the North Carolina Committee of Safety in 1775, and as such was virtually the governor of the state. He was a member of the first State Constitutional Convention in 1776, was in the House of Commons of North Carolina in 1776-1768, and succeeded his brother Allen as member of the Continental Congress in 1780. He was elected to the Contitutional Convention of 1787, but declined to serve; was a member of the Constitutional Convention that met at Hillsborough in the next year; and was largely instrumental in its rejection of the Federal constitution. Wylie's wife, Mary Montford, was the daughter of Colonel Joseph Montford, of North Carolina, and many anecdotes are related of her wit and beauty. When the British army was on its way to Virginia in 1781, the officers were for several days quartered among the families residing on Roanoke River. Colonel Tarleton, who had been severely cut by the sabre of William Washington, was a resident of Mrs. Jones's family, and when he made to her some slighting remarks about Washington, saying among other things that he was an illiterate fellow, hardly able to write his name, Mrs. Jones replied, Ah, Colonel, you ought to know, for you bear on your person the proof that he at least knows very well how to make his mark. It is said that it was in affectionate admiration of this lady that John Paul Jones, whose real name was John Paul, added Jones to his name, and under it, by the recommendation of Willie [sic] Jones, offered his services to Congress. http://www.famousamericans.net/allenjones/

!25 Mar 1776: His gravestone reads:


MARCH 25, A.D. 1776
FOR AMERICA ON JAN 14, A.L. 5771 (A.D. 1771)



!Feb 1777: Will of Joseph Montfort dated 22 Mar 1776 and prove Feb. 1777. Abstracts of Probate Records. Halifax Co. NC 1760-1880, Anderson, 1947, p.50. 
9 !
'Ali, in full 'ALI IBN ABU TALIB (b. c. 600, Mecca--d. January 661, Kufah, Iraq), son-in-law of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, and fourth caliph (successor to Muhammad), reigning from 656 to 661. The question of his right to the caliphate resulted in the only major split in Islam (into Sunnah and Shi'ah branches). He is revered by the Shi'ah as the only true successor to the Prophet.

'Ali was the son of Abu Talib, chief of a local clan. When his father became impoverished, 'Ali was taken under the care of Muhammad, then still a businessman in Mecca, who himself had been cared for by 'Ali's father as a child. When Muhammad felt God's call to become his prophet, 'Ali, though only 10 years old, became one of the first converts to Islam and remained a lifelong devoted follower of Muhammad. According to legend 'Ali risked his life by sleeping in the Prophet's bed to impersonate him the night that Muhammad fled in 622 from Mecca to Medina from enemies who were plotting to assassinate him. In addition, 'Ali is said to have carried out Muhammad's request to restore all the properties that had been entrusted to him as a merchant to their owners in Mecca. Only then did 'Ali himself leave for Medina. There he married Muhammad's daughter Fatimah, who bore him two sons, Hasan and Husayn.

'Ali is said to have displayed rare courage in battle during the military expeditions Muhammad conducted to consolidate Islam and always obtained a lion's share of the booty. 'Ali was also one of Muhammad's scribes and was chosen to lead several important missions. When the hostile inhabitants of Mecca finally accepted Islam without battle, it was 'Ali who smashed the pagan idols in the Ka'bah (holy shrine).

Muhammad died on June 8, 632. Some say he had unequivocally nominated 'Ali as his successor while he was returning from his "farewell pilgrimage" to Mecca. Others reject this claim, maintaining that Muhammad died without naming a successor. 'Ali, while attending the last rites of the Prophet, was confronted by the fact that Abu Bakr, Muhammad's closest friend and father of 'A`ishah, one of the Prophet's wives, had been chosen caliph. 'Ali did not submit to Abu Bakr's authority for some time, but neither did he actively assert his own rights, possibly because he did not want to throw the Muslim community into bloody tribal strife. He retired into a quiet life in which religious works became his chief occupation. The first chronologically arranged version of the Qur`an is attributed to him, and his excellent knowledge of the Qur`an and Hadith (the sayings and deeds of Muhammad) aided the caliphs in various legal problems.

Following the murder of 'Uthman, the third caliph, 'Ali was invited by the Muslims of Medina to accept the caliphate; reluctant, he agreed only after long hesitation. His brief reign was beset by difficulties due mostly to the corrupt state of affairs he inherited. Acutely aware of the neglect of the Qur`an and the traditions of Muhammad that his predecessors had allowed to develop, he based his rule on the Islamic ideals of social justice and equality. His policy was a blow to the interests of the Quraysh aristocracy of Mecca who had grown rich in the wake of the Muslim conquests. In order to embarrass 'Ali they demanded that he bring the murderers of 'Uthman to trial, and when he rejected their request, a rebellion against him was instigated in which two prominent Meccans along with 'A`ishah, Muhammad's widow and the daughter of Abu Bakr, the first caliph, took a leading part. This rebellion, known as the Battle of the Camel (the camel ridden by 'A`ishah), was quelled. A second rebellion was on the point of being crushed when its leader, Mu'awiyah, a kinsman of 'Uthman and the governor of Syria, averted defeat by proposing arbitration. 'Ali saw through the stratagem but was forced by his army to accept adjudication, which greatly weakened his position. Soon, moreover, he had to fight some of the very people who had earlier forced him to accept arbitration but now denounced it. Known as Khawarij (Seceders), they were defeated by Ali in the Battle of Nahrawan. Meanwhile, Mu'awiyah followed an aggressive policy, and by the end of 660 'Ali had lost control of Egypt and of the Hejaz. While praying in a mosque at Kufah in Iraq, 'Ali was struck with a poisoned sword by a Kharijite, intent on avenging the men slain at Nahrawan. Two days later 'Ali died and was buried near Kufah.
[Encyclopedia Britannica CD '97, 'ALI] 
ARABIA, "ALI IBN ABI TALIB OF , 4th Muslin Caliph (I81678)
10 !
He was the first Bourbon king of France, who restored stability after the
religious wars of the 16th century.

His father was descended in the ninth generation from the 13th-century
king of France, Louis IX. His mother was queen of Navarre and niece of
King Francis I of France.

The Wars of Religion

Although baptized a Roman Catholic, Henry was brought up as a Calvinist by
his strong-minded mother, a leader of the French Protestant (Huguenot)
movement, which during the 1560s became involved in a series of civil wars
with the Catholics. Henry's wedding in 1572 to Margaret of Valois, sist
of the reigning monarch, Charles IX, was followed by the Massacre of Saint
Bartholomew's Day, in which thousands of Huguenots were slain on the
king's order (see Saint Bartholomew' Day, Massacre of). Henry saved his
own life by converting to Roman Catholicism, but he remained a prisoner at
court until 1576. After his escape he repudiated his conversion and
assumed the leadership of the Huguenot movement. Although he accepted h
unwilling wife at his court in Navarre, neither respected the marriage

Military Leader

Henry's storming of the fortress town of Cahors in 1580 launched his
career as an intrepid military leader. In many subsequent battles his
white plume was to be found wherever the fighting was fiercest. He won
another brilliant victory at Coutras in 1587, and two years later formed
an alliance with Charles IX's successor, Henry III, against the Catholic
League, which was dominated by the Guise family. When Henry III (the la
king of the Valois dynasty) was murdered by a league fanatic in 1589, t
Huguenot leader, who was next in line for the throne, proclaimed himself
king as Henry IV.

Backed by Spain and the pope, however, the league refused to acknowledge a
Protestant as king of France, and many Catholic nobles who had served
Henry III against the league deserted the royal army. Henry won victori
over the league at Arques and Ivry and besieged the league stronghold,
Paris, which was eventually relieved by a Spanish army from the
Netherlands. Henry skillfully exploited divisions among the leaguers, a
in 1593 he disarmed his opponents by announcing his reconversion to
Catholicism. A year later he bribed the league commander of the capital to
admit his army. One by one, he defeated or bought over the magnates of the
house of Guise who continued to resist. In 1595, when he officially
declared war on Spain, the pope granted him absolution. He could no longer
rely on the Huguenots, who drove a hard bargain to secure a new edict of
toleration. This was granted at Nantes in 1598, and it was followed by a
peace treaty with Spain. After that, serious resistance to his rule ended.

Henry as King

In 1599 Henry secured papal annulment of his first marriage, and the ye
after he married Marie de Mdicis, a distant cousin of the mother of the
last Valois kings. His leading minister, Maximilien de Bthune, duc de
Sully, reorganized the finances and promoted the economic recovery of
France after decades of civil war. Agriculture, manufacturing, and
commerce were encouraged, the burden of taxation upon the peasantry
reduced, and the nobility relieved from the pressure of debt by declari
a moratorium. The system by which officials in finance and the judiciary
purchased their offices from the Crown was formalized in 1604 by a t
office known as the paulette. At the same time Sully pursued a policy of
substituting royal officers for those employed by local representative
bodies. Until 1609 these measures were accompanied by an external policy
of peace. In that year Henry began preparations to intervene in Germany
against the Catholic Habsburg dynasty, a move that was opposed by some
French Catholics. The king was about to join his army when he was
assassinated by a Catholic extremist.

Henry IV's genial informality, bravery, gallantry, perseverance in
adversity, and readiness to bend religious principle to political
advantage have earned him a special place in French history. Not only did
he restore order and prosperity to his ruined kingdom but he also ensured
that the monarchy would be Catholic and absolutist. 
11 !
In the name of God Amen the Fourteenth day of January 1779. I William Hill of Newhanover County in the State of North Carolina do make & ordain this to be my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all former wills by me heretofor made. First I desire to be buried in a frugal manner, without any unnecessary Expence, & that my Just Debts may be paid as soon as may be after my Decease and touching what worldly substance it hath pleased God to Bless me with. I give and dispose of the same as follows, vize

Imprimis. I do hereby give devise & bequeath to my dear & well beloved Wife Margaret Hill all my Estate real, personal & mixed, for and during the Time she shall continue my Widow and no longer, with full Power to direct & manage the whole as she shall think best & most for the Benefit of her & my Children; But if she should marry again, my Will & desire is that the whole Estate should be then equally divided between her & my four sons, so that each shall have an equal Proportion of it, one fifth to my said Wife & one fifth to each of my sons. But if my said Wife should never marry I mean that she should have it in her Power to give off to my Sons as they Come of Age, such a proportion of my Estate as she thinks best so as not to exceed to either a fifth of the same; & after her Death (if then my Widow) to give Devise & bequeath the whole or such part of my Estate as may then Remain in her hand, in such proportion as she pleases to my said four sons, John, Wm Henry, Nat Moore & Thomas.

I do hereby nominate & appoint my Wife sole Executrix of this my Will so long as she continues my Widow & no longer & when she shall marry if ever she does, then I appoint my four sons John William Henry Nat?l Moore & Thomas Executors of the Same, each to Qualify as they come of Age. [Crossed through: My Intention also is that my Executrix may if she pleases sell any Part of the Estate real or Personal so that the proceeds of the same shall be for the benefit of my Children provided (indecipherable)]

W Hill

Words of Will written with my own hand the Last Clause Erased, & Several Interlineations in the same hand writing.

This 9th of October 1783
The within named Marg?t Hill qualified as Executrix to the Will before me.

Jn. Walker


State of North Carolina
New Hanover County
October Term 1783

The annexed last Will & Testament of the late Wm Hill, Esquire, was exhibited in court and there being no (indecipherable) one being witness thereto Mr. William Campbell & Mr. James Walker being duly sworn, declared that they were well acquainted with the hand-writing of the Testator, and that they verily believed that the said Will was the proper hand-writing of him the said William Hill.

And Mrs. Margaret Hill having qualified before John Walker, Esquire, as Executrix to said Will, it was ordered that Letters Testamentary do issue agreeable to Law.

Tho. MacLaine

Recorded in Book C, page 147 by order of Court at Sept Term 1845.

L H Marsteller Clk 
12 !
In the Registers of Philip Augustus (1212-20) Herbert de Morevilla held a sixth of a knight's fee in Morevilla of Richard de Vernon. Richard de Vernon was head of the Norman branch of a family represented in England by the Reviers earls of Devon; and Morville is 7 kil. N of Nehou, the caput of the Vernon honour in the Cotentin.

A mutiliated entry on the Pipe Roll of 1130 under Devon shows William de Morevilla as holding land. A charter of Baldwin de Reviers, not yet an earl, which places it before 1142, for Christchurch, Hants, was witnessed by William de Morvill, who also witnessed charters of Baldwin as earl of for the abbeys of Quarr and Montebourg. With his son Ivo he witnessed a charter of Richard de Reviers, earl of Devon, for Christchurch, dated 1161. By a charter, shown by witnesses to have been executed in Dorset, William de Moreville gave a chapel in Bradpole, Dorset, to Montebourg, mentioning Maud his wife and Eudo (Ivo) his son; it was witnessed by William de Haga. . . . Members of the family, however, continued in Dorset, for Bradpole was held in serjeanty by William de Moreville in 1212, 1219, and 1226-28; but Herbert the Norman [referred to above] must have been head of the family.

Another branch of the family, for which see Haig [William de Haga above was a relative], settled in Scotland before 1120 and became constables of Scotland. [Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, p. 70] 
MORVILLE, WILLIAM DE of Bradpole (I39196)
13 !
SNEAD, GEORGE HOLMAN, M. D., minister of the Gospel and doctor of medicine, was
born in Goochland county, Virginia, February 17, 1833. His father, George Holman Snead, Sr., married Annie Pollard. The elder Snead was a farmer by occupation, genial and industrious, who gave to his son the advantages of the education which he most desired. On his mother's side Dr. Snead is descended from the Pollards who emigrated from England and settled in Bang William county in 1736. The influence of the mother was particularly strong on young Snead's life, both morally and intellectually. As a boy he was strong and vigorous, endowed with ambition and a desire to excel in whatever he undertook, whether in play or work. Bred on a farm, he became accustomed to manual labor and grew into vigorous manhood. When a mere lad he began reading books upon medicine; then, having outgrown the public schools of his neighborhood, he attended Richmond college for a time, afterward entering the University of Virginia, from which he was graduated in 1855 with the degree of M. D. The following year he took a postgraduate course in medicine and became assistant resident physician in the Philadelphia dispensary. In 1856 he began the practice of his profession at Fork Union, Fluvanna county, Virginia. In the choice of his profession he had the full approval of his parents. In answer to an inquiry he states that his first strong impulse to strive for the prizes of life came from a desire to be useful and also to win an honorable place among his fellow. men. The principal influences which materially aided him in his career he counts as those of home, school, early companionship, private study, and contact with men in active life. In the half century in which he has practiced his profession, Dr. Snead has held several honorable positions. During the war he was a member of the medical board; from 1870 to 1885 he was principal of White Rock high school, and in 1904.05 he held the chair of physiology in Fork Union academy. Of deep religious convictions, holding to the Baptist faith, he long ago fitted himself for the ministry, and for nearly thirty years has preached the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, while ministering also as a physician. In the performance of these two callings he finds his best enjoyment. In politics he has always been a Democrat, though not an active partisan. His advice to the young is brief and wholesome: "Cultivate sobriety, industry and Christianity "—a trinity of virtues. Dr. Snead married October 14, 1856, Virginia Clopton Perkins. Eight children were born of this union, five of whom are now (1906) living. Men of Mark in Virginia: Ideals of American Life; a Collection of Biographies of the Leading Men in the State, Volume 3; Men of Mark Publishing Company, 1907

!1850 Census: Fluvanna, VA
George H. Snead - 46
Orania J. Snead - 46
George H. Snead - 17
Peyton Snead - 15
Junius P. Snead - 12
Charles G. Snead - 10
Orania V. Snead - 6

!1860 census: Fluvanna, VA, Mary M. Perkins, age 43 (b.c1817), living with George H and Virginia C. (age 22) Snead and children. Next door to Isaac O. Perkins, wife Louisa and children

!1870 census, Fork Union, Fluvanna, VA, Mary Perkins, age 45 (?b.c1825), widowed, mother-in-law, living with George H. and Virginia P. (age 30) Snead and children
 !1880 census, Fork Union, Fluvanna, VA, Mary Perkins, age 64 (b.c1818), widowed, mother-in-law, living with George H. and Virginia P. (age 41) Snead and children 
SNEAD, Rev. GEORGE HOLMAN , Jr. (I162617)
14 !
US Statesman, Jurist. Lansing was admitted to the New York State Bar in 1775. From 1776-1777 he was the military secretary to General Philip Schuyler. He became a member of the Continental Congress in 1785. He served in that capacity until 1787, when he declined to sign the U. S. Constitution. He opposed some of the language and terminology of the constitution and therefore declined to sign it. In 1781 he was elected a member of the New York State Assembly and served in that capacity until 1789. He was appointed to be a justice of the New York State Supreme Court in 1790 and served in that capacity until 1798, when he became chief justice, and served as chief justice until 1801. In 1801 he was appointed to be the Chancellor of New York State, a position he held until 1814, when he was forced to retire because of age. He disappeared mysteriously on December 12, 1829, after leaving his hotel room to mail a letter. No explanation was ever found for his disappearance. It was speculated that he was robbed and murdered or he drowned. A cenotaph was erected at Albany Rural Cemetery to commemorate his many years of public service. (bio by: Eamonn on Find a Grave Website.) 
15 !
WILLIAM DE ROUMARE, Seigneur of Roumare (near Rouen), son of Roger FITZGEROLD, by Lucy, "the Countess," was born circa 1096. In 1118 he held Neufmarché, of which he was Castellan, for Henry I during a rebellion in which he was one of the few Norman barons on the King's side. He fought for the King in the battle of Brémule in 1119, and in November 1120 was to have sailed in the White Ship with Prince William, but did not embark, and so saved his life. Shortly afterwards he quarrelled violently with the King about his mother's inheritance, and, crossing to Normandy, vented his wrath on the country around his castle of Neufmarché. He also joined in the rebellion of 1122 led by the Count of Meulan and others, and opposed the King until the latter, in about 1127, restored a large part of what he claimed. Thereafter he became a favourite companion of the King. He attested a charter granted by Henry I to Le Bec in 1131, and his name appears as a witness to the renewed charter to the leper hospital at Chartres in 1135. He had placed monks in the church of S. Pierre at Neufmarché, and in 1132 gave the control of them to St. Evroult. On the King's death in 113 5 he was one of those charged with the defence of the frontier of Normandy, and later took part in the administration of the Duchy, where he mostly resided, being made Justiciar there by Stephen. He appears to have been made an Earl by Stephen, with the title of EARL OF CAMBRIDGE, though he had no land in that county. The grant of the Earldom of Lincoln to William d'Aubigny by Stephen appears to have caused great offence to William de Roumare and his half-brother, the Earl of Chester, who, through their mother, held a great position in Lincolnshire. Although Stephen had recently bestowed favours on them, they, shortly after Stephen left Lincoln, seized the castle of Lincoln in December 1140 by stratagem, and held it against him when he hurried back at Christmas to reclaim it. Finding it difficult to defend themselves, the Earl of Chester made his escape from the castle and sought help from Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and on 2 February 1140/1 their combined forces overcame and captured the King. On his release Stephen appears to have been reconciled to William de Roumare and to have created him, circa 1141, EARL OF LINCOLN. William witnessed a writ of Geoffrey, Duke of Normandy, at Rouen, and a charter of the same there, 11 October 1147. In the spring of 1152/3 he was acting for his half-brother, the Earl of Chester, in negotiating with Henry of Anjou, (afterwards Henry II) a heavy price for the Earl of Chester's support. About this time he went on pilgrimage to Santiago. He is said to have built the castle of Bolingbroke.

He married Hawise, sister of Baldwin (DE REVIERS), 1st EARL OF DEVON, and daughter of Richard DE REVIERS, who as Hadewisa comitissa attested a chartcr of his in which he is called William Consul of Lincoln. He is said to have become a monk at Revesby. He d. before 1161. His widow in 1161 accounted to the Sheriff for 10 marks in Somerset. She, as Hadewysia comitissa de Rumara, gave lands at Bure and Chewton to Christchurch Priory, Hants, being part of her marriage gift from her brother Earl Baldwin, for the souls of her husband William Earl of Romara, and her son William and others. She gave the church of Feltham, near Staines, to the hospital of St. Giles-in-the-Fields. [Complete Peerage VII:667-70 
ROUMARE, WILLIAM DE Earl of Lincoln & Cambridge (I53575)
20 Family: Dr. DAVID WORTH / EUNICE GARDNER (F89345)
Well Known Resident of Frederick Passes Away
Dr. Thomas Turner, a well known retired citizen, died at his home on
West Second street [Frederick, MD] at 11.54 o'clock last night of
pulmonary affection, aged 75 years.
Dr. Turner was a son of the late Thomas and Eleanor Pratt Turner,
and was born in Georgetown, DC June 12, 1833, at the old Turner
homestead on the corner of Congress street and Dumbarton avenue,
the home of his grandfather, Thomas Turner, who was the first auditor
of the Navy Department during Washington's administration. In
December, 1840, his parents removed to this city, where his father
practiced law until his death in 1840.
In 1850, Dr. Turner went to Virginia, where he took a course of
medicine at the University of Virginia. After graduating, he followed
this profession for about twenty years. During the Civil War, he was
full surgeon attached to General Stonewall Jackson's corps in the
Army of Northern Virginia principally in charge of hospitals. When
he was ordered to the field, he became brigade surgeon to General
Archer's brigade. After the war, his health failing him, he was obliged
to abandon the practice of his profession and returned, with his family,
to this city.
Dr. Turner was justice of the peace and coroner for a period of
twenty years, serving in that capacity from 1880 to 1900.
In September, 1887, he was made one of the bailiffs of the
circuit court and served in that capacity until about a year ago,
when he was obliged to retire because of ill health.
In May, 1860, he married Miss R. Belle Janney, who survives him,
with three children; Mrs. Wm. B. Tunstall, of Baltimore, Mr. Thomas N.
Turner, of Washington, and Miss Orra J. Turner, at home.
The funeral will take place from his late residence on Wednesday at
12 o'clock. Services will be held at the house and interment will be
made in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. The Daily News, Frederick, Maryland, Monday, September 9, 1908. 
23 ! 1. MAURICE DE BERKELEY, Knt., of Uley, Elberton, Kings Weston, Rockhampton, Stoke Gifford, co. Gloucester, Kingston Seymour, Somerset, Milston and Brigmerston (in Milston), co. Wilts, etc., Steward of the Duchy of Aquitaine, younger son. He married by papal dispensation dated 29 Dec. 1331 (they being related in the 4th degree of kidnred) MARGERY DE VERE, evidently daughter of Alphonse de Vere, Knt., of Aston Sandford, co. Buckingham, and Great Hormead, co. Hertford, by Joan, said to be a daughter of Richard Foliot, Knt. His lands were seized by King Edward II when his father rebelled against the king and the Despensers. With his elder brother, Thomas, he pillaged Despenser property. He had restitution of his lands after the fall of the Despensers. He served King Edward III in France, was created a knight banneret in 15 Edw. III, and fought at the battle of Crécy in 1346. SIR MAURICE DE BERKELEY was at the siege of Calais, where he died testate 12 Feb. 1346/7. His memory is commemorated in the great east window of Gloucester Cathedral in the display of shields of the knights who fought in the Crécy and Calais campaigns of 1346 and 1347. His widow died 21 May 1351.


T. Blore, Hist. & Antiq. of the County of Rutland 1 Pt. 2 (1811): 210 (Berkeley pedigree).
John Smyth, Berkeley Manuscripts: Lives of the Berkeleys 1 (1883): 245-254.
Cal. of Entries in the Papal Registers: Letters 2 (1895): 368.
T.S. Holmes, Register of Ralph of Shrewsbury Bishop of Bath & Wells, 1329-1363
(Somerset Rec. Soc., vol. 10) (1896): 543. Cal. Patent Rolls, 1334-1338 (1895), pp. 3,428,519.
Cal. Patent Rolls, 1345-1348 (1903), pg. 368.
Cal. Close Rolls, 1346-1349 (pub. 1905), pp. 198,201,225.
C.P. 2 (1912): 129-130.
Paget (1957) 55:2.
List of Inquisitions ad Quod Damnum 2 (PRO, Lists and Indexes, No. 22) (repr. 1963): 274.
VCH Gloucester 4 (1988): 279.
VCH Wiltshire 15 (1995): 138-139,237,257.

!Sir Maurice de Berkeley married by papal dispensation dated 29 Dec. 1331 Margery de Vere, they being related in the 4th degree of kindred [Reference: Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers, 2 (1895): 368. 
BERKELEY, Sir MAURICE , of Stoke Gifford & Uley (I54473)
24 ! BERTHOLD VON QUESTENBERG, Hans merchant of London, b. and d. in Cologne; [p.424] late in life was created a Count of the Holy Roman Empire; in 1446 m. Margareth --. Colonial Families of the United States. QUESTENBERG, BERTHOLD VON (I12171)
25 ! BERTHOLD VON QUESTENBERG, Hans merchant of London, b. and d. in Cologne; [p.424] late in life was created a Count of the Holy Roman Empire; in 1446 m. Margareth --. Colonial Families of the United States. Family: BERTHOLD VON QUESTENBERG / MARGARETH (F4837)
26 ! Born: in 629, son of Dagobert I, King d'Austrasie and Ragnetrud d'Austrasie, Some sources assert that Sigebert III was born in the year 631. Note - between 633 and 656: Sigebert III, son of Dagobert and Ragnetrude, was King of Austrasie from 633/634 [at which time he is only 9 to 10 years of age -- Thus, Pepin le Vieux or de Landen truly reigns as the Major Domo] to 656. He reigned under the tutellage of Pepin of Landen [when Pepin de Landen died in 640, Otto succeeded him] and of Grimoald. In 641, the nobles of Austrasia have Otto assassinated and Grimolad, son of Pepin becames Mayor of the Palace, and the Francs lose their sovereignty over Thuringia. By 643, the Francs would lose all authority over the Allemanians (Germans). Between 644 and 645, after humiliating deafeats against the Thuringians and the Allemanians, Sigebert III, not having any heir, adopts the son of Grimoald and names him Childebert. In 646, Sigebert III's wife gives him a son, Dagobert II, which did not please Grimoald. Ten years later, Sigebert III dies. He was a very pious man and founder of numerous monasteries. He was placed among the rank of the saints by the Church. Married before 652: Immachilde=Himenechilde, Queen d'Austrasie. Died: on 1 February 656 in France. AUSTRASIA, KIng SIGEBERT III (SISIBERT) OF (I45005)
27 ! Burke's Peerage indicates that the parent of William Sinclair is Robert Sinclair, a Norman, and not Henry Sinclair of Rosslyn as much of the Rootsweb information on the internet states. However, according to Burke's Peerage, William did marry Amicia daughter of Henry de Roskelyn, lord of Roslin/Rosslyn and was given charter to Rosslyn by Alexander II of Scotland. This puts the name of the entire ancestry of Henry in doubt, but I assume that the persons are the same and may have been known as Sinclair or "de Roskelyn" or both, and may have descended from St Clair, Normandy, because apparently some sources support that scenario. Thus I am keeping the same ancestry for Henry de Roskelyn, father-in-law of William, that many people have for Henry Sinclair, father of William.

See notes under son William, which argues for William being son of this Henry "Sinclair". Burke's Peerage states (and I believe) that William did "inherit" Rosslyn from Henry, but not because he was his son, but by his wife Amicia daughter of Henry Sinclair de Roskelyn. 
SINCLAIR, HENRY WILLIAM , 5th Lord of Rosslyn (I54234)
28 ! GEOFFREY DE LUCY (b), of Newington, son of Geoffrey, son and heir of Richard DE LUCY "the Loyal," justiciar of England (c), was an officer of the Crown under John and Henry III. At Christmas 1205 he was one of the King's barons assembled "in plena curia nostra" at Marlborough. He was appointed to see that no ship or boat left any port without the King's special precept, and in 1205 was Keeper of Sussex, and of Guernsey for a short time in 1207. In 1206 he was in the King's service abroad. According to Matthew of Paris, he was one of the King's evil counsellors during the Interdict. He was appointed keeper, of the castle of Merpins in Anjou, 6 September 1214. Though not originally of the Barons' party, he joined them before Magna Carta was wrested from King John; he seems to have returned to his allegiance immediately after that King's death, and was one of the leaders of the royal forces in the relief of Lincoln Castle, in May 1217, where he saved the life of William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, a leader of the Barons. In 1219 he set out for the Holy Land, returning before 1223, when he was in the King's service in Wales in the household of William de Mandeville. In November of that year he was appointed constable of Berkhamstead Castle; in 1224 joint keeper of the sea coast from Pevensey to Bristol with the barons of the Cinque Ports; from 1228 to 1233 keeper of Porchester Castle; in 1229 a justice in Eyre, co. Midx.

He married, in 1207, Juliane, widow of Piers DE STOKES, steward to King John (dead s.p. by August 1206), and daughter of Aymer LE DESPENSER, by Amabel or Maud, daughter and coheir of Walter DE CHESNEY, by Eve DE BROC, daughter and heir of Eustace. She was living in 1227. He died in 1234. Complete Peerage VIII:257-8, XIV:457

(b) The family appears to have taken its name from Luce, a commune in the department of Orne, about 6 kil. SE of Domfront, and in the bailiwick of Passeis. In the return of the Norman fees of 1172 there occurs the following: "De Passeis . . . Ricards de Lucceio j militem et sibi xvij milites" (H.F., vol xxiii, p. 697 e; so also in Red Book, Rolls Ser., vol ii, pl 639, but beginning "De Baillia de Basseis"). Luce lies geographically in Maine, and its real connection with Normandy dates from the occupation in 1092 of Domfront, the castle of Robert de Belleme, by Henry Beauclerc, the Count of the Cotentin. It seems probable that this particular connection between Henry I and the southern border of Normandy may have first brought the family to the King's notice, a view which is supported by the fact that in a charter for Seez Cathedral dated Feb 1131, Henry mentions a fief which he had bought from Richard de Lucy, and his mother Aveline.

(c) Bracton's Note Book, c 1159, which quotes verbatim the official report of a verdict given in Hilary term (1223) . . . Lewis C Loyd points out that, according to Robert de Torigni, when the Justiciar entered religion he was succeeded by his grandson Richard, son of Geoffrey. Roese therefore succeeded her brother, not her father or grandfather, and the inference to be drawn is that Richard the younger and Roese were Geoffrey's children by a first wife, and Geoffrey the younger his son by a second wife. The available evidence does not, however, exclude the possibility that the younger Geoffrey was illegitimate. 
LUCY, Sir GEOFFREY DE , of Newington (I65788)
29 ! He married (j) Maud, possibly daughter of Sir Bartholomew DE BURGHERSH, the elder, LORD BURGHERSH (k). He died 4 June 1375. Will dated on Sunday next after the feast of the Ascension 1375 was proved in the Chapel of the Bishop of Lincoln's manor of Woburn 16 June 1375, and administration granted to Brian de Grey and Robert de Grey, the testator's natural sons, power being reserved to the other executors. He desired burial in the monastery of St. James next Northampton, and left all his goods to Maud his wife and to his sons "ut ipsi ordinent et disponant ut melius viderint pro anima mea." His widow, who had as dower a moiety of the manor of Somerton and of the advowson of the church there and the manor of Duston, died 23 January 1386/7. [Complete Peerage VI:147-8, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

(j) There may have been a 1st wife, mother of the eldest son, John de Grey. Maud was certainly mother of Bartholomew, Robert and Richard de Grey.

(k) Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh petitioned (Papal Reg., Kal Aug 1366) on behalf of Sir John de Grey of Rotherfield and Maud his wife and others for plenary remission at the hour of death. The unusual name in the Grey family of Bartholomew bestowed on the second son seems to strengthen the suggestion. Maud de Grey was probably sister of the petitioner.

Note: There is some doubt as to the identity of Maud. Rosie Bevan states that Maud is evidently related to Sir Bartholomew Burghersh, but most likely a daughter of Margery de Badlesmere and William de Ros. Bartholomew is also a frequent name in the Badlesmere family. 
30 ! In 1166 Walter de Kantilupo held two knights' fees of the new feoffment of William de Roumare. [Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families] CANTELOU, WALTER DE (I41705)
31 ! Philip de Erlegh(I), son of Henry by his first wife, married Rosa, daughter and heir of Peter de Marisco. They had issue: John(IV), Phillip(II), Roland and a daughter. The daughter married Richard de Acton. Philip married a second wife, Maud, who outlived him and married Sir Geffrey de Wroxhall [11,v.2,p.199]. Philip(I) died [5,p.245] in 1275 very soon after his father [14,3EdI,p.100] and thus his son, John(IV), succeeded when he was only 4 years old [6][10,I,244,n.72]. Erlegh family, http://www.dankat.com/earls/chap1.htm. ERLEIGH, PHILIP DE , & Beckington (I82161)
32 ! Pirot, in 1086 had large holdings in Essex, Suffolk, Beds, and Cambs (b). His wife was probably a d'Aubigny (c). He d. probably in or after 1104. [Complete Peerage X:473]

(b) He held of Eudo (Eoun) Dapifer in Hawkwell, Essex and Glemham, Suffolk; in Sawston, &c. Cambs, and in Northill and Beeston, Beds; and of Nele d'Aubigny, of Cainhoe, in Wyboston and Streatley, Beds.

(c) Possibly a sister of his overlord Nele, of Cainhoe of whom he held 4 1/2 hides in Streatley, 3 hides of which were his wife's maritigium. As to Nele's realtionship to William d'Aubigny, Pincerna, see Loyd, Beds. Hist. Rec. Soc. Pub. 
HAWKWELL, Sir PIROT OF , & Glemham, Sawston (I72201)
33 ! Richard I, Duke of Normandy (ggf through his eldest son of Robert II (The Devil), Duke of Normandy, who was in turn father by his mistress Harlette/Harlot of William I (The Conqueror); b 933; married 2nd his former mistress Gunnor and died 20 Nov 996, leaving [Mauger]. [Burke's Peerage, p. 1603]

!Mauger, Count of Corbeil, in right of his wife; married Germaine, daughter and heir of Albert, Count of Corbeil, and had [Hamon, Count of Corbeil], with an elder son (William, dsp a monk in the Abbey of St. Maur). [Burke's Peerage] 
34 ! RODHAM KENNER was born ca. 1759, in Northumberland County, Virginia; son of Francis and Elizabeth (Howard) Kenner. Removed to the Watauga area with his father, both of them having served in the American Revolution; Rodham having been at the Battle of King's Mountain. Farmer; lived near Rogersville for the rest of his life. Married c. 1786 to Malinda Payne; children--Howsen, Ruth, Elizabeth (Mrs. George Savage), Sally Anne (Mrs. Daniel Carmichael), James, Francis, Louisa, William Rodham, Matilda (Mrs. Alexander Shields), and Polly Kenner (Mrs. William Shields). He served in the House, 5th and 6th Tennessee General Assemblies, 1803-07; representing Hawkins County; Democrat. He was killed in a fall from his horse in Hawkins County on October 14 (or 18), 1814; buried in Rodham Kenner Cemetery on the north side of the Holston River, Hawkins County. Father of Dr. William Rodham Kenner, grandfather of John Houston Savage and of Abram Monroe Savage, all sometime members Tennessee General Assembly. Sources: Worley, Records of the Savage and Kenner Families, 13-15; Rosters and Soldiers, 960; "Hawkins County Will Book, 1797-1886, Pt. 1," p. 291; Bible Records of Families of East Tennessee, 274; Northumberland County, Virginia, Records, passim. http://www.tngenweb.org/bios/k/kenner.html KENNER, RODHAM (I37819)
35 ! Sir Robert de Hyburne, 1st Lord of the manor of Newton; fl. 1245; had [Nicholas], with and elder son John. [Burke's Peerage]

The Hepburn/Hebburns are of Northumbrian origin, accordingly were often forced to choose between Scots and English in their loyalties. [Burke's Peerage] 
36 ! Sir Thomas Grey, of Heton (author of the "Scalacronica"), by Margaret, daughter and heir of William de Pressene, of Presson, Northumberland. The last-named Thomas, who d. shortly bef. Monday after St. Luke (22 Oct] 1369, had done homage to the Bishop of Durham, and had livery of the manor of Heton 10 Apr 1344. He was son and heir of Sir Thomas de Grey, of Heton in Islandshire, who d. shortly bef. 12 Mar 1343/4, by Agnes, his wife. Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, Page: VI:136 (c)

!Sir Thomas was Constable of Norham, fought at the battle of Nevill's Cross in 1346, accompanied Edward the Black Prince to France, was author of the 'Scala-chronica' and died abt 1369 (ipm). Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Page: Paul Reed (Reedpcgen), 18 Jul 1998 
37 ! The following information taken from Medieval English Genealogy website at:

Moving forward to the turn of the 11th century, we find a Reginald de Argentein, who held land in the north of Hertfordshire, near the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire borders (and whose descendants later had possessions in all these counties). This Reginald seems certain to have been related in some way to the David de Argentein of Domesday Book, but there is no evidence for the exact relationship. Keats-Rohan suggests that they were probably father and son, which is plausible chronologically.

Whatever his relationship to David, Reginald's connections with the later Argenteins are clear. In later records he is named as the father of his successor John, and as the grandfather ('avus') of John's successor Reginald. (It is therefore probable, though not certain, that John was the father of the younger Reginald.)

From later evidence we know that Reginald was granted the manor of Great Wymondley, in Hertfordshire, by King William [I or II] after the estate had escheated to the Crown. The land was held 'by serjeanty', namely, by acting as cupbearer at the king's coronation (Round, pp.265-6). The Argenteins and their descendants continued to perform this service for more than 600 years, and as a result they bore arms showing three silver covered cups on a red field.

Together with the manor of Great Wymondley, Reginald was granted the advowson of the church there, and was said to have presented two priests to the church, the second a man named Osbert. (In the time of Reginald's grandson, the advowson was the subject of a legal dispute with the Abbess of Elstow, and it is from the evidence given then that we know the details of the grant.)

We are fortunate enough to have the text of a notification of Henry I, dating from the early years of his reign (perhaps from 1102), confirming an agreement between Reginald and the Abbot of Ramsey. This provided for Reginald to hold the mills at Ickleford (about 5 miles north-west of Great Wymondley), in return for a payment of 10 shillings a year, after which the mills were to revert to the abbey. The agreement also provided for Reginald to be buried at Ramsey Abbey if he died in England. This provision may suggest that the family still held land in Normandy at this time.

Reginald was dead by 1130, when an entry on the Pipe Roll shows his widow Matilda accounting for £8:10s:8d, for her dower and marriage in Suffolk. Farrer (vol.1, p.238) suggests on this evidence that Matilda had brought as her marriage-portion the manor of Halesworth in Suffolk. If this is true, Matilda must have been the grandmother of the younger Reginald, as Halesworth remained in the family for centuries afterwards and became one of the family's favourite seats. 
ARGENTEIN, Sir REGINALD DE , of Wymondley (I72219)

In the Middle Ages the principal inhabitants of Newland were members of the Joce family and their successors, who in the 14th and 15th centuries received chief rents from several hundred houses and plots of land in Newland village, Clearwell, Coleford, Whitecliff, Highmeadow, Bream, Mork, and other places in Newland and St. Briavels parishes. Presumably the Joces had obtained a general grant from the Crown of new assarts or the rents from them in a wide area. The chief rents had effectively lapsed by 1868 when an attempt was made to levy some of them in St. Briavels. The Joces and their successors also held the woodwardship of Bearse bailiwick, which covered much of the area from which Newland and St. Briavels parishes were formed. The woodwardship was later thought to be attached to Clearwell, the demesne estate of the holders, but a reference to William Joce as forester 'of St. Briavels' c. 1245 suggests that the bailiwick, too, originated in a wider grant of rights in the Newland and St. Briavels area.

Richard son of Joce, who was listed as one of the woodwards of Dean in 1223, was presumably an early holder of Bearse bailiwick and the rights in assarted lands. William Joce, as mentioned above, was a forester c. 1245, and William Joce, also called William the woodward, held Bearse bailiwick in 1282. He or another William gave lands in Newland to his son Philip in 1320, and in 1338 John Joce, probably son and heir of Philip, had licence to assart lands in Newland and St. Briavels. John was claiming manorial rights in Newland in 1338, and in 1349 he was receiving the chief rents mentioned above. John Joce the elder and John Joce the younger were mentioned in 1365, and the younger was presumably the man who with his wife Isabel made a settlement of a large estate in Newland and adjoining parishes in 1378. John died before 1389, and before 1395 Isabel married John Greyndour, who died in 1415 or 1416. Greyndour evidently secured an unrestricted title to his wife's estate, which from the early 15th century was known as the manor of CLEARWELL, the chief residence and most of the demesne lands being by then situated in Clearwell tithing. John was succeeded by Robert Greyndour, his son by his first wife Marion. Robert Greyndour (d. 1443) was jointly enfeoffed of the estate with his wife Joan, who married before 1455 John Barre. John died in 1483 and Joan in 1484, when the Clearwell estate passed to Robert's heir Alice, the wife of Thomas Baynham (d. 1500) and later of Sir Walter Dennis (d. 1505 or 1506). Alice (d. 1518) was succeeded by her son Sir Christopher Baynham, and Sir Christopher was succeeded in the estate, apparently in his lifetime, by his son George Baynham. George, who was knighted in 1546 and died that year, left the estate to his son Christopher, who was a minor in the king's custody in 1548. From Christopher (fl. 1555) it passed, probably by 1558, to his brother Richard (d. 1580), who was succeeded by another brother Thomas (d. 1611). Thomas Baynham settled his estates in Newland and the adjoining parishes on his elder daughter Cecily, wife of Sir William Throckmorton, Bt., while his younger daughter Joan, wife of John Vaughan, received estates that he owned elsewhere in the Forest area.

Sir William Throckmorton (d. 1628) was succeeded in the Clearwell estate by Sir Baynham (d. 1664)....
[From: 'Newland', A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume V: Bledisloe Hundred, St. Briavels Hundred, The Forest of Dean (1996), pp. 195-231. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=23260. Date accessed: 28 June 2005] 
BAYNHAM, THOMAS , of Clearwell Newland (I55539)
39 ! [Hawise de Lancaster] m. bef. 20 Jul 1189, Gilbert Fitz Roger Fitz Reinfrid, Lord of Kendal, 1189, who had m. (1) ca. 1156, Rohaise, daughter of William de Rumare, and widow of Gilbert de Gaunt, who d. 1156. Gilbert was Steward to Henry II, in France 1180-89, and later to Richard I; was justice of the King's Court 1185, sheriff of Lancashire 1205-1216, and of Yorkshire 1209-1212, and d. bef. 13 Jun 1220. His father Roger Fitz Reinfrid, was witness to the King's will, Judge 1176, 1198, sheriff of Sussex 1176, and of Berkshire 1186-7. [Ancestral Roots, line 88-27]

Note: According to CP, Gilbert de Gaunt/Gand/Gant did NOT marry Rohaise de Rumare. Gilbert de Gant married Rohese de Clare, and she married as her 2nd husband Robert FitzRobert, Sewer of William Percy. I have Hawise (Rohasie/Rohese) de Roumare as mother of Gilbert FitzReinfrid, and I believe that she married Gilbert's father, Roger FitzReinfrid, about 1156. 
FITZREINFRID, GILBERT , Lord of Kendal (I53568)
40 ! 5, Sarah Archer (died February 19, 1735-6, an infant); Diary of John Blair, Lyon G. Tyler. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 3. (Jan., 1899), pp. 133-153.

!19 Feb 1785: "Also Sarah Archer daughter of the said John and Mary Blair who died Febr the 19: 1785. Aged 8 months, 12 days. Slab under the floor of Bruton Parish Church, VA. 
41 ! Records of Bedford Co., PA Carpenter Family, The Carpenter Family News-Journal, Vol III, No. 2, PO Box 398, Machias, Maine, 04654, Sept 1973. Jacob owned the northern part of the grant and Jacob II raised his family there. CARPENTER, JACOB (I19888)
42 ! Records of Bedford Co., PA Carpenter Family, The Carpenter Family News-Journal, Vol III, No. 2, PO Box 398, Machias, Maine, 04654, Sept 1973. Jacob owned the northern part of the grant and Jacob II raised his family there. Virgil W. Carpenter (1873-1969) a son of Jacob II became the owner. CARPENTER, VIRGIL W. (I19933)
43 ! "Matthew Brooks , lived in Frederick County Virgina. He is first found in the records of Spottsylvania County Virgina, and since Fredrick was formed 1738 from Orange county, and Orange was formed in 1734 from Spottsylvania, it is easily conceivable that Matthew did not move but his lands were included in these counties when they formed. It seems more probable that he moved from Spottsylvania to Fredrick County , as he seems to be the same Matthew that witnessed a deed in Spottsylvania County 8-5-1740. In Aug 1742 he is on record in the same county . Then in March 7, 1748 he was appointed a Constable in Frederrik County Va. and on March 5, 1753 he was appointed overseer of the roads in Fredrick County. On 3-4-1755 appraisal of his estate was made in Fredrick County Bk. 2 p, 150 " Brooks and Kindred Families by Ida Brooks Kellam. BROOKS, MATTHEW (I19639)
44 ! (d) . . . Philip II (b. 1168, m. Cicely, lost his lands in Normandy in 1204, dead 1217), son and heir of Philip I (dead 1186), by Maud de Candos (aged 40 in 1186, living 1213); which Maud was heir of Walter de Candos, son and heir of Robert de Candos, by Isabel, heir of Alvred de Hispania (probably Epaigne near Pont Audemer, or Epanay near Falaise), the Domesday lord of Nether Stowey. Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, Page: III:377, note d. COLUMBERS, PHILIP II DE , of Nether Stowey (I168776)
45 ! (d) . . . Philip II (b. 1168, m. Cicely, lost his lands in Normandy in 1204, dead 1217), son and heir of Philip I (dead 1186), by Maud de Candos (aged 40 in 1186, living 1213); which Maud was heir of Walter de Candos, son and heir of Robert de Candos, by Isabel, heir of Alvred de Hispania (probably Epaigne near Pont Audemer, or Epanay near Falaise), the Domesday lord of Nether Stowey. Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, Page: III:377, note d. CICELY (I168777)
46 ! (d) . . . Philip III (who d. shortly before 1 Jun 1257), son and heir of Philip II (b. 1168, m. Cicely, lost his lands in Normandy in 1204, dead 1217), son and heir of Philip I (dead 1186), by Maud de Candos (aged 40 in 1186, living 1213); which Maud was heir of Walter de Candos, son and heir of Robert de Candos, by Isabel, heir of Alvred de Hispania (probably Epaigne near Pont Audemer, or Epanay near Falaise), the Domesday lord of Nether Stowey. Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, Page: III:377, note d. COLUMBERS, PHILIP III DE , of Nether Stowey (I168775)
47 ! 11 Dec 1678: Will of (Capt.) John SAVAGE, Gent. - 26 Aug. 1678 / 11 Dec. 1678 - To my son John SAVAGE (not of age) the following eight plantations: John WEBSTER'S, Thomas BANKES', Robert HARRISON'S, Steven SCOTT'S Hendrick ABELL'S, Thomas DUPARKS', William LAWRENCE'S, and the widow WEBLEY'S, the said plantations containing in thewhole about 700 A. And also 500 A. being part of 1000 A. which (Col.) STRINGER now leases from me. To my son John one gun called "Chapman", a chest which I carried to England, my gold seal ring, and my silver wine cup. To my son Thomas SAVAGE the plantations which (Lt.) Thomas WILSON, Samuel POWELL, and John BEUZY now live upon containing 400 A. To son Thomas my gold stone ring, a silver drackine cup with the picture of a swanne in the middle. To my son Elkington SAVAGE the three plantations belonging to Edwrd CABLE, John DAVIS, and Samuel CHURCH containing 350 A., and also 400 A. by a branch called Roody Branch and running north along the horse path until it comes to my north line. To son Elkington my silver seale and paine silver drachin cup. To my dau. Mary SAVAGE the plantations where Phillip MONGOM, Edward PERKINSON, and Peter DUPARKS live containing 300A. To my dau. Susannah KENDALL and her husband John KENDALL all my right to 800 A. bounded easterly upon the main ocean, westerly upon the 400 A. given my son Elkington, and by the 200 A. given to my two grandsons Thomas and John KENDALL, and northerly by the land of Richard PATRICK. To my dau. Susannah one gold hoop ring. To my dau. Grace CORBIN and her husband George CORBIN the plantatins of Samuel YONGE'S, John ABBOTT'S, and Thomas CHURCHE'S containing 250 A. To George CORBIN a pair of pistolls and holsters, a pair of silver buttons, and my servant Thomas OWEN alias? WIBBER for the time he has to serve (being one cropp). To my grandchildren John and Thomas KENDALL the sons of the above mentioned John and Susannah KENDALL 200 A. lying westerly along the 400 A. given to my son Elkington. To my granddau. Susannah KENDALL, the dau. Of John and Susannah, the 100 A. plantation whereon William COWDREY, my son-in-law now dwells, which I have given him for life. To my good friend and relation John DAVIS 1000 # t. To each of Jacob BISHOP, John HARMANSON, Hannah WEB, Anne HUDSON, and Mary BAKER a heifer. To my youngest dau. [no name] now lately born 500 A. being part of the 1000 A. leased to (Col.) STRINGER. My children John, Elkington, and Mary SAVAGE to be forthwith put to school for 5 years. My son John extr. My friends (Lt. Col.) William WATERS, (Col.) William KENDALL, John MICHAEL, Sr., Thomas HARMANSON, and my two sons-in-law John KENDLL and George CORBIN to oversee. To my wife Mary SAVAGE 20s or 200 # t. My three servants Thomas TOMPSON, William MORGAN, and JARVIS COOMES each to have a cow calf. Witt: John TANKARD, Tempus BEATHA, John [J] DUPARKS, Gabriell [X] POWELL, John COLEMAN - p. 315. (Abstracts of the Wills and Administrations of Northampton Co., Virginia 1632-1802 by James Handley Marshall, 1994, pg 103 & 104))

[Author's Notes: Ann SAVAGE (the wife of (Capt.) John SAVAGE) is the sister of Thomas HARMANSON - 1657- 1666, p. 226 {234}. The widow married William COWDRY - 1679-1683, p. 219. The dau. Mary married Sampson WEABSTER - 1680-1692, p. 263. George CORBIN and Henry WARREN are dipicted as sons of (Capt.) John SAVAGE - 1680-1692, p. 24] 
SAVAGE, Capt. JOHN (I63217)
48 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I12988)
49 ! 21 December 1807: will of father, John Burford Children of deceased daughter MOURNING HAM: YANCY HAM, MICAH HAM, SALLY HAM. BURFORD, MOURNING (I3755)
50 ! 3) Daingerfield Lewis, born 14 July 1785, married Miss Pratt, daughter of Thomas Pratt and Jane Brockenbrough. GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VA - BIOGRAPHIES - Lewis Family of Warner Hall. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 10, No. 1. (Jul., 1901), pp. 48-54. PRATT, THOMAS (I31250)

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